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The 4 Types of Industrial Vacuum Pumps (And Which One Might Be Right for You)

Vacuum pumps, like air compressors, can be used across a variety of applications in a variety of different industries. They are used in hospitals, factories, restaurants, and more. Whatever the demand, there is likely a type of industrial vacuum pump that is right for you.

Below is a little about each type of pump. This is another important investment for your company. Consider which one is right for you. If you have any questions, it always helps to consult a vacuum pump professional.

The 4 Types of Vacuum Pumps

Rotary Vane

Rotary vane vacuums are most popular in the automotive and aerospace industries. This type of pump comes in a variety of high-capacity models, and can handle different levels of demands. The horsepower on these units may vary from 1.5 to 10, with a check valve, and a direct drive NEMA motor.

The first rotary vane vacuum pump was patented in 1874 by Charles Barnes, an inventor from New Brunswick. It contains a circular rotor that moves within a large, round cavity. The vane chambers are formed by movement.


A reciprocating pump is one of the oldest, most dependable pump technologies. Today they are made from many different types of materials, and used for many different types of applications. They are used in industries such as chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, and cosmetics.

A reciprocating vacuum pump is around 90 percent efficient, and they are highly durable. They are ideal for high pressure, low flow applications, such as water jet cutting.

Dry Claw

Dry claw vacuum pumps are used across the packing, printing, wood processing, and wastewater management industries, due to their strength and efficiency.

These pumps provide a high-level of performance, with minimal noise, and are considered highly safe. They utilize twin rotors that rotate in opposite circles, while never coming into contact. These pumps are considered an optimal choice for their quality performance level, with proven durability.

Liquid Ring

Liquid ring vacuum pumps can be used in a variety of applications including paper production, petroleum refining, or soil remediation. They can also be used in factories to suck incondensable gas from steam-turbine generators, or to remove water from the machines in paper production. They can also mold egg cartons, and similar paper products.

These machines are an ideal choice for handling vapor loads. They are considered ideal for handling any wet gasses, or dry gasses carrying liquid.

Find the Right Vacuum Pump for You

Whatever industry you’re in, and whatever your needed application, there is a vacuum pump that’s right for your business. If you have questions about these machines and their intended usage, contact us today!

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